The term nootropic for the first time in 1972 by Dr. Corneliu Giurgea to a substance that describes the function of the positively affected brain. Nootropics although often referred to as “smart drugs”, not all of these chemical synthetic drug substances. Some nootropics are vitamins, minerals or herbs that improve cognition.
There are at least four suggested ways to improve brain function nootropics. The first way is able to work these materials by the amount of available neurotransmitter brain cells, or neurons. Nootropics most affect levels of acetylcholine and glutamate, two neurotransmitters that are vital to memory and alertness, among other features. This class of nootropic substances Ampakines and teams, which presumably the memory and ability to concentrate even, better during severe sleep deprivation because of their ability to alter the levels of neurotransmitters.
The second way to these substances can have on the cognitive function it has a positive effect by preventing or even reversing damage to neurons. Vitamin B1 is an example of this type of nootropic because it seems the ability to heal damaged neurons and the memory is improved persons with certain types of brain damage. Antioxidants may also fall into this category, because of their ability to prevent oxidative damage proposed neuron.
The third way in which nootropics improve brain function is to increase the intake of oxygen in the brain. A popular herbal supplement Ginkgo Biloba is thought to work by this mechanism. One of the mechanisms of action of this herb is its apparent ability of blood flow to the brain, resulting in delivery of more oxygen to the brain. Although clinical studies have provided conflicting results regarding the effect of ginkgo on the brain function, it is still commonly sold a supplement to improve cognition.
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Finally, some nootropics you think new neural connections in the brain, which, in theory, brains work better build. Teams are thought to induce new neural connections in addition to their function as modulators of neurotransmitter level. Some studies have suggested that non-pharmacological mechanisms can also increase neural connections in the brain, and some examples of these processes include learning a new language, learning an exercise program that requires agility and coordination, and maybe even does crossword puzzles or playing video games.
In several areas, they chose the nootropic substances shown positive effects on cognitive function in controlled studies. These include improved memory, increased attention, and increased vigilance without too much nervousness. Moreover, some of these materials as promising help people with cognitive disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease or brain damage caused by trauma. The ability to nootropics actually increase intelligence, however, is a topic of discussion.
- Some multivitamins are ginkgo biloba, a nootropic substance.
- Some nootropics can improve memory and focus, even during a severe sleep deprivation.
- A number of supplements are considered nootropic, which means that it is believed to improve brain function.